War and conflict have a systemic impact on higher education. Universities are left damaged by attacks or occupation by armed groups. Staff and students are killed or face forced displacement, while institutions are weakened as post-conflict financial resources are allocated to basic services first. Although this is slowly changing, higher education systems are often not a priority during post-conflict recovery.

The Federation of African Universities report on research cooperation in Somalia finds that the system-wide damage to higher education caused by conflict can only be addressed through systems thinking and collective effort. This is even more relevant during the Covid-19 pandemic, which is challenging governments’ capabilities to respond through a whole of government approach. Lessons from Somalia could also be applied to other conflict-affected countries looking to rebuild their higher education systems.

The challenges facing Somalia’s higher education system re-emerged, some (mainly private) universities began investing in research and research training. These institutions face several challenges, including very few or no staff with PhDs (our study finds just 9% of academic staff hold PhDs), and research publications that fail to contribute to career progression.

On Friday May 5, 2023 FAU affiliate, the Federation of Somalia Universities (FESU) issued a report for the country Top 10 high quality security ranked Universities in Somalia for and listed it as below;


Jaamacadda Ummadda (the National University)

Benadir University

Capital University

Daaru-Salaam University

Bay University

Simad University

University of Bosaso

University of Southern Somalia

Africa Graduate University

Jazeera University

Some of the above named universities are also a member of the Federation of African Universities and was registered in 2022.

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